The dual nature of metal halide perovskites

We are pleased to announce that our partner UPO, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, has published a new paper acknowledging Platform-ZERO in The Journal of Chemical Physics.

Abstract: Metal halide perovskites have brought about a disruptive shift in the field of third-generation photovoltaics. Their potential as remarkably efficient solar cell absorbers was first demonstrated in the beginning of the 2010s. However, right from their inception, persistent challenges have impeded the smooth adoption of this technology in the industry. These challenges encompass issues such as the lack of reproducibility in fabrication, limited mid- and long-term stability, and concerns over toxicity. Despite achieving record efficiencies that have outperformed even well-established technologies, such as polycrystalline silicon, these hurdles have hindered the seamless transition of this technology into industrial applications. In this Perspective, we discuss which of these challenges are rooted in the unique dual nature of metal halide perovskites, which simultaneously function as electronic and ionic semiconductors. This duality results in the intermingling of processes occurring at vastly different timescales, still complicating both their comprehensive investigation and the development of robust and dependable devices. Our discussion here undertakes a critical analysis of the field, addressing the current status of knowledge for devices based on halide perovskites in view of electronic and ionic conduction, the underlying models, and the challenges encountered when these devices are optoelectronically characterized. We place a distinct emphasis on the positive contributions that this area of research has not only made to the advancement of photovoltaics but also to the broader progress of solid-state physics and photoelectrochemistry.

Read the full paper at